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How does the anchor work?


The principle of the anchor:

The structure of the anchor from top to bottom is the anchor shackle, bolt, anchor rod, anchor handle, anchor wrist, and the symmetrical parts on both sides are called anchor claws. The anchor claw is the most important part of the anchor grabbing into the soil. When the ship breaks down, the anchor sinks to the bottom of the water under the traction of the anchor chain.

At the bottom of the water, due to the effect of the anchor rod, the plane where the anchor wrist is located will be perpendicular to the bottom of the water, and at this time the anchor fluke will be in contact with the bottom of the water. The anchor chain length of the ship is often greater than the water depth, so the anchor chain at the bottom of the water is in a flat state.

When the ship is disturbed, such as the top waves, the anchor chain will be pulled, and the anchor at the bottom of the water will be subjected to a horizontal force at the joint of the anchor chain, and at the same time, the gravity of the anchor will act on the anchor fluke and the bottom of the water. At the contact point, the combination of two forces makes the anchor move obliquely downward, which is the process of anchoring into the soil.

After the anchor is pulled into the bottom of the water, it can provide the ship with the ability to berth. It should be noted that this ability is not only accomplished by an anchor, but also a very long anchor chain also plays an important role.

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